50% to 60% of households in rural India still cook using traditional biomass stoves and open fires
Traditional mud and three stone fire cook stoves are only about 8-10% fuel efficient resulting in acute firewood wastage. Costs are prohibitive for rural households to shift to cleaner fuels, despite government subsidies.
The Green Cooking initiative aims to replace smoke-emitting traditional fire cookstoves in households, with Improved cook stoves (ICS) that are safer and also fuel efficient. These stoves are distributed free of cost to economically weaker families in remote locations.